Trying to get pregnant? Make sure you know the bottom line on baby-making—what you don't understand can affect your bub-to-be's health.
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Though you and your partner may be thrilled at your breasts’ morphing form, their fundamental, most basic purpose is to provide sustenance to your offspring. Alas, the irony is that while nursing may be the most natural act in the world, it isn’t always easy.
But that doesn’t mean you can’t do it. In fact, the majority of women are able to breastfeed their babies successfully—and happily. “Ninety-seven percent of women are capable of nursing 100 percent of the time,” says Corky Harvey, M.S., R.N., IBCLC, co-owner of the Pump Station stores in Southern California. The key to success, she says, lies in preparing for challenges and having a plan for sidestepping them. We’re here to help, with info on the five most common breastfeeding pitfalls and how to avoid them.
As well-meaning as your relatives undoubtedly are, they may have different ideas about how a baby—your baby—should be fed. “It’s a confusing dynamic when a new mom wants to nurse and her own mother fed her children formula,” says Sue Huml, IBCLC, a professional lactation consultant to Lansinoh Laboratories, a maker of breastfeeding products in Alexandria, Va. “Often the message she receives is, ‘Bottle-feeding was good enough for you,’ as if the choice to breastfeed is a personal insult.”
In the days and weeks after you’ve given birth, your body aches, your hormones are going nuts, and you and the baby are both sleepier and weepier than you ever thought possible. An anxious family member insisting that your baby is starving may be all it takes to persuade you to stop breastfeeding. “The last thing a new mom needs to hear is, ‘Are you nursing again?’ or ‘Are you sure the baby is getting enough to eat?’ ” Huml adds.
So educate your postpartum posse. Invite them to attend a breastfeeding class with you, or ask them to be present when you meet with a lactation consultant. Explain how important nursing is to you and that you need their support. “Once everyone understands what ‘normal’ is, they can relax,” says Huml.
You may be convinced that your barely-A cups couldn’t produce enough milk to feed a newborn mouse or that your pancake-flat nipples will prevent your baby from latching on. Fear not. “Smaller breasts can make the same amount of milk as larger ones,” Huml says, “although the capacity to store large amounts of milk may not be as great.” That means you may need to feed more often if you’re tiny up top, but your baby will get all the milk he needs.
If you’re the owner of flat or inverted nipples, they can make it difficult for your baby to latch on properly. However, your nipples may extend naturally as you reach the end of your pregnancy; also, pumping immediately after giving birth often helps to draw them out.
Don’t despair if that doesn’t work: Using nipple shields almost always solves the problem. These soft, pliable, plastic devices have holes in the tip and are worn over your own nipples, giving the baby something substantial to latch on to. If you’re a candidate for nipple shields, it’s important to get help from a lactation consultant.