Post-Baby Birth Control: Options for Postpartum Sex | Fit Pregnancy

Post-Baby Birth Control Options

You’ll need to use some form of protection. Find out what's safe and recommended.

Birth-control options for breastfeeding moms:

IUD

How it works: This small, plastic T-shaped device is inserted into the uterus by a clinician and contains hormones or copper to prevent fertilization. The brand Mirena contains a hormone called levonorgestrel and can be left in place for five years; ParaGard is made of copper and can be left in place for 10 years. Whichever type you choose, it is typically inserted six weeks postpartum, although your doctor or clinician may agree to insert it immediately after you deliver.
Effectiveness: 97% to 99%.
Pros: Safe to use while breastfeeding; high effectiveness rate; convenience; spontaneity.
Cons: Possibility of increased cramping and heavier periods; increased risk of uterine infection for first four weeks after the IUD is inserted.

 

Depo-Provera

How it works: A clinician gives you a high-dose progestin shot every 12 weeks. Suppresses ovulation; also thickens the cervical mucus, thereby blocking sperm and preventing fertilization in case ovulation does occur.
Effectiveness: 99%.
Pros: Safe to use while breastfeeding; high effectiveness rate; convenience; spontaneity.
Cons: May cause altered periods and sex drive, appetite changes and weight gain; increased risk of ectopic pregnancy if pregnancy occurs; it may take longer to get pregnant once shots are stopped.

 

Condoms and barrier methods

How it works: Prevents sperm from entering the vagina and uterus and fertilizing the egg. Should be used in conjunction with spermicide for maximum effectiveness.
Effectiveness: 86% to 98%.
Pros: Safe to use while breastfeeding; available over the counter; also prevents transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Cons: Lack of spontaneity; possibility of breakage; can cause reduced sensation.

Other barrier method options: a diaphragm, cervical cap, or female condom >>

Keep reading for additional birth control options >>

 

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