Test Anxiety | Fit Pregnancy

Test Anxiety

What to expect if your prenatal screening test comes back positive.

pregnant woman taking a sonogram
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Amnio: A Definitive Diagnosis

Performed between weeks 15 and 20, amniocentesis can conclusively diagnose neural-tube defects, Down syndrome and a host of other chromosomal defects. The procedure involves inserting a thin needle through the woman’s abdomen and into the amniotic sac to withdraw a sample of fluid.

Because it carries a very slight (1 in 200) risk of procedure-related miscarriage, doctors usually don’t perform amniocentesis unless risk factors or a patient’s age warrant it. (Because of their increased risk of having a baby with chromosomal defects, pregnant women age 35 and older are routinely referred for amniocentesis.) The results of an amnio usually take 10 to 14 days. Thus, in many cases, a patient’s mind can be put to ease by as early as 20 weeks.

“The hardest part is the waiting,” says Scott Copabianco, M.D., an obstetrician-gynecologist in Mission Viejo, Calif. “I know; I’ve been there.” His wife had a positive AFP test followed by amniocentesis with both of their children, who are now perfectly healthy 8- and 10-year-olds. He says the reason her numbers were high is still a mystery.

But Copabianco’s experience, both professional and personal, helps him reassure his patients that the vast majority of the time, everything is just fine.

Fast Fact:

The chances of having a false-positive alphafetoprotein (AFP) test increase with age: from 2.9 percent at 25 to 14 percent at 35 and to 40 percent at 40.

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