Gestational Diabetes | Fit Pregnancy

Gestational Diabetes

Prenatal Exercise, Diabetes, Pregnancy

When your mom was pregnant with you, chances are she wasn’t running, pedaling a stationary bike or doing ball squats. Back then, doctors worried that exercise might harm the growing baby and discouraged pregnant women from breaking a sweat.

PrePregnancy Diabetes

Gestational diabetes often crops up in the third trimester, but doctors are also troubled by the rising number of women who begin pregnancy as diabetics. The percentage who conceived with pre-existing diabetes— either type I, commonly known as “childhood diabetes,” or type II, often referred to as “adult onset diabetes”—more than doubled between 1999 and 2005, from 0.8 percent to 1.9 percent. This is likely due to high rates of obesity, which contributes to type II diabetes.

Overweight and Pregnant: Why BMI Matters

Overweight women who want to get pregnant soon might want to reconsider their timing:  A higher BMI is associated with an increased risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death, according to a JAMA review examining 38 studies on the topic. Researchers suggest women take these findings into consideration, if they're planning to conceive

Preconception Weight Loss

Preconception-Weight-Loss

Weight loss can decrease your risk of gestational diabetes. If you were in your 20s, I would recommend that you try to lose weight before getting pregnant again. But since you are 35, my recommendation is to not delay conception by trying to lose weight first, as fertility decreases with age. You should consider consulting a registered dietitian about beginning a preconception nutritional program, as doing so may reduce your risk. Thirty minutes of daily exercise also should be incorporated into your routine, as research shows it can greatly reduce gestational diabetes risk.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational-Diabetes

Since you have a history of gestational diabetes, there is a strong likelihood that you'll develop it again, so you're wise to ponder your options. In the past, if diet and exercise did not bring blood-sugar levels under control, doctors prescribed insulinan effective treatment, but one that often required daily injections. Today, there's a medication called Glyburide that can be as effective as insulin. Since its taken orally, it is easier to administer than insulin injections. And because it does not cross the placenta, it poses no risk to the fetus.

Gestational Diabetes Test

Gestational-Diabetes-test

Yes. Your overall health will undoubtedly benefit you and your baby, but since your history includes a first-degree relative who has diabetes, you are at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes while pregnant. Testing you in the first trimester rather than the third--the standard for women without risk factors--is also important.

Gestational Diabetes Tied to Language Delays

Infants born to mothers with gestational diabetes were twice as likely to have language delays than other children, The New York Times reports.

Pregnancy diabetes on the rise

Gestational diabetes simply means an elevated blood sugar during pregnancy. But the risks involved are anything but simple—they're very serious for both mom-to-be and baby. The good news is that woman can take steps to reduce the risks of this dangerous prenatal condition. The rate of gestational diabetes has almost doubled—now affecting about 4 percent of all pregnant women in the U.S, The New York Times reports.

Sugar Blues

At my 26-week OB appointment, I drank a bottle of extra-sweet soda—imagine Mountain Dew spiked with pancake syrup—and an hour later, submitted my arm for a blood test. I was being screened for gestational diabetes and, as a gym regular and healthy eater (except for those first-trimester French-toast binges), I wasn't worried.

Testing Your Blood Sugar

Step 1: The Glucose Challenge
You drink a concentrated glucose beverage, then wait an hour for a blood test. If your one-hour blood-sugar level is more than 140 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of plasma (mg/dL) but less than 200 mg/dL, you'll be referred to Step 2 for a more definitive diagnosis. If it exceeds 200, you'll be diagnosed with GDM and won't need further testing.

Page: