Newborn Baby | Fit Pregnancy

Newborn Baby



Because breast milk is somewhat lacking in vitamin D, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all breastfed babies be given a daily supplement of 400 IU to prevent rickets, a serious bone disease. If your baby is getting some formula—which is fortified with vitamin D—she’d have to drink 27 to 32 ounces a day to meet her daily requirement, so she may or may not need vitamin drops. Ask your pediatrician.

Breast Swelling


Frequent nursing is the best way to ease engorgement, which typically occurs 72 hours after giving birth and can last up to a week, or until your milk production system adjusts to the job at hand. Meantime, aim to breastfeed eight to 12 times a day, or about every two to three hours, for the first several weeks.

Spicy foods


Many a mom has heard that beans, broccoli, chili peppers, garlic and onions should be avoided like the plague while breastfeeding. But if you devoured these foods during pregnancy, they probably won’t bother your baby now, says Ruth Lawrence, M.D., a professor of pediatrics at the University of Rochester School of Medicine in New York and chairwoman of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Section on Breastfeeding.

Tretinoin and Pregnancy


The oral version of this medicine, Accutane, passes into breast milk and should never be used by nursing moms. The cream versions are known as Retin-A or Renova; like virtually every other topical cream or lotion, their transfer into breast milk is zero, or nearly zero, so they can safely be used.

It’s Just A Fever!

Parents tend to overtreat kids under 6 with anti-fever medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen, giving too much too often and putting their children at risk for liver damage, according to a survey conducted at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

A Lump on the Head


Probably not. It sounds like your baby has a cephalohematoma, a bruise between the skull bones and the overlying tissue. It’s usually caused by a hard delivery, or by a forceps or vacuum delivery, and should heal within a few weeks. As it does, the blood will calcify from the edges first, leading to a volcano-like bump with a soft center.


Harvey Karp Helps Prevent Child Abuse with Swaddling Soothing Techniques

Ten years ago, Harvey Karp was a Los Angeles-area pediatrician known primarily for his gentle, child-centered approach to parenting. Now, thanks to the phenomenal success of Karp’s The Happiest Baby on the Block DVD and book, his name has entered the national lexicon. Though best known as the way to calm fussy babies, his techniques also play an important role in helping to prevent child abuse and postpartum depression (PPD). “Teach parents how to soothe their babies,” Karp says, “and you eliminate the No. 1 trigger for PPD and shaken baby syndrome: crying.”

Your Newborn: A User's Guide

Eyes: Some babies have a yellowish discharge or crusting in the eye or on the lid, which is usually caused by a blocked tear duct. This condition can last several months, but take heart—it’s probably more distressing to you than to your baby. Care tip: Wipe the eyes with a cotton ball moistened with warm water or breast milk.

Nose: Babies’ narrow nasal passages tend to fill with mucus. Care tip: Gently unclog nostrils with a nasal bulb syringe.

Baby Steps

Some of the biggest thrills for parents come in their baby’s first year of life: the first smile, first “ba ba,” first steps. But after reading the baby books, most new parents know what should be happening when, and many are disappointed, or begin to worry, if their children seem to be behind the curve. Such anxiety generally is misplaced.

New Baby Manual

As a new parent, you will get advice on everything from how to get your baby to sleep through the night to when she needs her first pair of shoes. It might not all be constructive counsel, however. “There is so much information out there, so many people telling parents about the right and wrong ways to do everything, but in most cases, if parents just trust their instincts, things are fine,” says David S. Geller, M.D., a pediatrician in Bedford, Mass., and a clinical professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.