Newborn Baby | Fit Pregnancy

Newborn Baby



Yes. Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of the meninges, which is the lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. The proximity of these membranes to the brain makes this infection potentially very dangerous: It can cause serious residual damage and, though rarely, death. The viral type is much less serious and, fortunately, much more common.



Most croup does occur in the winter, but there's no rule that says it can't strike during other seasons as well. This viral illness is best treated by having the child inhale cool, moist air all day long and especially at night. I also suggest dressing your baby warmly and going for a drive, preferably along a body of water, with the windows rolled down. It's important to note that a piece of food blocking part of the airway also can cause a "croupy" sound. If you have any doubt, call your doctor.

Umbilical Cord Clamping


Research shows that routine clamping of the umbilical cord immediately after birth, rather than waiting for the cord to stop pulsating, deprives the baby of red blood cells and iron stores. A literature review in the Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health looked at nine studies that had been done over the past 20 years. This research suggested that immediate clamping may reduce the amount of red blood cells a baby receives by 50 percent.

Flat Head


The most common cause of this flattening is positional, so it's a good idea to change the position of your baby's head while she sleeps. Having her sleep with you in a safe family-bed environment (no fluffy comforters or pillows, and no gaps between the bed and the wall) makes it easy to change her head position from time to time. If your baby sleeps in a crib, place her head at opposite ends of the crib on alternating nights to position her head differently.

Ready for Sex?


No. "It takes at least three to six months for your genitals to get back to normal," says Laura Berman, Ph.D., director of the Berman Center in Chicago and co-author of For Women Only (Henry Holt & Co.). A perineal tear or episiotomy can cause a tight feeling in the vagina, which can persist even after the site has healed (usually four to six weeks after a vaginal birth). To help combat the tightness, you or your partner can gently stretch the area using fingers that have been well lubricated with K-Y Ultragel or Astroglide (available at drugstores).

Nipple Confusion


Nipple confusion can be a problem for many breastfed babies if they are given a bottle too early, even if it's filled with breast milk. Here's why: Infants coordinate their jaw, cheek and swallowing muscles in a specific way when they are breastfeeding. With a bottle, their feeding patterns are completely different--a bottle, for instance, gushes milk into a baby's mouth, and the child needs to move his tongue to control the flow. Not so with the breast.

Big baby = chubby child?


I'd say no. I've seen thousands of babies in my practice, including many who outweighed your daughter by 5 or 6 pounds. They looked pretty fat, actually, but all of them grew into normal-sized children. Well, there may have been a few exceptions in the families who believed potato chips and ice cream were suitable daily snacks, but that's another story.

Help For Baby's Reflux


Reflux is a fairly common condition in which food and digestive juices back up into the esophagus from the stomach, often causing excessive spitting-up and, rarely, vomiting. Since your baby is breastfed, you may want to try eliminating such common allergens as dairy, eggs, wheat and peanuts from your diet; some women say they've had good success with this approach. If it doesn't help, your doctor may choose to prescribe medication for your infant.

Newborn Sleep


The average newborn sleeps a total of 14 to 18 hours a day, older infants from 13 to 14 hours, says Jodi Mindell, Ph.D., associate director of the Sleep Disorders Center, Children's Hospital in Philadelphia and author of Sleeping Through the Night: How Infants, Toddlers and Their Parents Can Get a Good Night's Sleep, revised edition (HarperCollins). "The best way to judge whether or not your baby is getting enough sleep is to look at his behavior throughout the day," Mindell says. "If he sleeps 11 hours and is perky and happy, that's enough."

Sleeping Dependencys


"If you are doing this and your baby is sleeping all night, don't worry," says Jennifer Waldburger, L.C.S.W., co-owner of the Los Angeles-based consultation service Sleepy Planet. "After about four months, if he's waking up, you probably need to let him do the last little bit of falling asleep on his own. You can still rock him as part of the wind-down process, but put him down drowsy, not asleep. When a baby is put to sleep a certain way and wakes up, he checks to see if everything is the same as it was when he went to sleep," Waldburger explains.