Trying to get pregnant? Make sure you know the bottom line on baby-making—what you don't understand can affect your bub-to-be's health.
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Reflux is a fairly common condition in which food and digestive juices back up into the esophagus from the stomach, often causing excessive spitting-up and, rarely, vomiting. Since your baby is breastfed, you may want to try eliminating such common allergens as dairy, eggs, wheat and peanuts from your diet; some women say they've had good success with this approach. If it doesn't help, your doctor may choose to prescribe medication for your infant.
The average newborn sleeps a total of 14 to 18 hours a day, older infants from 13 to 14 hours, says Jodi Mindell, Ph.D., associate director of the Sleep Disorders Center, Children's Hospital in Philadelphia and author of Sleeping Through the Night: How Infants, Toddlers and Their Parents Can Get a Good Night's Sleep, revised edition (HarperCollins). "The best way to judge whether or not your baby is getting enough sleep is to look at his behavior throughout the day," Mindell says. "If he sleeps 11 hours and is perky and happy, that's enough."
"If you are doing this and your baby is sleeping all night, don't worry," says Jennifer Waldburger, L.C.S.W., co-owner of the Los Angeles-based consultation service Sleepy Planet. "After about four months, if he's waking up, you probably need to let him do the last little bit of falling asleep on his own. You can still rock him as part of the wind-down process, but put him down drowsy, not asleep. When a baby is put to sleep a certain way and wakes up, he checks to see if everything is the same as it was when he went to sleep," Waldburger explains.
Applying sunscreen to babies younger than 6 months is generally not recommended because it can be absorbed through their thin skin and nobody knows for certain if it's harmless or not. At this age the best sun protection is to keep your baby in the shade and covered in loose clothing and a hat with a brim to shield his eyes and face.
I started losing a ton of hair a few weeks after my baby was born. What causes this, and when will it grow back? "You can thank estrogen for both your lustrous locks during pregnancy and the greater-than-normal hair loss after childbirth," says dermatologist Debra Jaliman, M.D., assistant clinical professor at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City. Normally, your hair has three cycles: growing, resting and falling out. During pregnancy, high estrogen levels cause nearly all your hair to be in the growing phase.
Yes—as long as it's in moderation. Since anything you eat or drink can be transferred to your baby through your breast milk, you do need to watch what you put in your body.
Most new parents can agree: There's probably nothing scarier than your baby's first fever. Actually, anytime your child has a high temperature. Babies can't complain, so a fever is often your baby's way of letting you know something's wrong. But according to health experts, the treatment for your baby all depends, The New York Times reports.
It sounds like she has a hemangioma, a big name for a collection of small blood vessels near the surface of the skin. Though its appearance may be frightening because it looks so fragile and "angry," it's not painful or dangerous.
Since your baby had some breathing problems at birth, he is more prone to developing them during the first year or two of life. To keep him from being exposed to germs that could cause such infections, limit his contact with anyone but family and close friends as much as possible during his first winter (when viruses are most rampant), and have them wash their hands thoroughly with soap and warm water before holding him. Also discourage all preschoolers from coming into contact with your son (barring siblings, of course), as they are notorious germ carriers.
Conjunctivitis, or "pink eye," is an irritation of the eyelids and the lining around the eyeballs (the conjunctiva). The condition can be caused by bacteria, dust, allergies or viruses. Of these, the bacterial form is the most severe, with swelling around the eye, thick greenish discharge and, sometimes, fever. Since your son doesn't have any discharge or fever, he probably has the viral or allergic form.
In certain parts of the country, especially the northern states, there are many months when lack of sunlight hampers proper vitamin D production in the body. Therefore, many doctors think that breastfed babies in these areas need extra vitamin D in the form of vitamin drops. Such drops are not recommended for formula-fed babies, since formula contains added vitamins and minerals. I don't agree with this one-size-fits-all approach.
Yes. Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of the meninges, the lining that surrounds the brain and spinal cord. The proximity of these membranes to the brain makes this condition potentially very dangerous: It can cause serious residual damage and, rarely, death.
I get asked this type of question a lot and always want to know how important the trip is before weighing in. Here's why: During the winter months, babies--and everyone else, for that matter--catch the flu and colds on planes. Even in summer, there are a few sneezing, coughing passengers on any given flight. Needless to say, you don't want your baby to catch what they have.